Bloomington is the fifth largest city, as of 2018 estimates, in the U.S. state of Minnesota. It is located in Hennepin County on the north bank of the Minnesota River, above its confluence with the Mississippi River. Bloomington lies 10 miles (16 km) south of downtown Minneapolis. As of the 2010 census the city’s population was 82,893, and in 2018 the estimated population was 85,578.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.42 square miles (99.51 km), of which 34.68 square miles (89.82 km) is land and 3.74 square miles (9.69 km) is water.
There are three primary land types in the city. The northeastern part of the city is a sand plain, low hills dominate the western portion of the city, and the far south lies within the valley of the Minnesota River.
About one third of the city is permanently reserved for park purposes, including two large natural areas – the Minnesota Valley’s wetlands (controlled by the City and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service) and the Hyland Lake Park Reserve (controlled by the Three Rivers Park District).
Water bodies within the city include Bush Lake, Long Meadow Lake, Lake Normandale, Marsh Lake (Hennepin), Nine Mile Creek, Penn Lake and about 100 small lakes and ponds with their wetland habitats.
Locally, the city is informally divided by Interstate 35W into “West Bloomington” and “East Bloomington.” West Bloomington is mostly residential with newer housing stock, along with multi-story office high-rises along Interstate Highway 494 in the north, whereas East Bloomington contains more industry, destination retail centers, and the majority of Bloomington’s less expensive housing. The dividing line may be placed as far west as France Avenue, where the high school attendance boundaries meet.
As of the 2005–2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 82.7% of Bloomington’s population; of which 80.9% were non-Hispanic whites. Blacks or African Americans made up 6.6% of Bloomington’s population. American Indians made up 0.3% of the city’s population. Asian Americans made up 5.1% of the city’s population. Pacific Islander Americans were non-existent in the city (0.0%). Individuals from some other race made up 3.9% of the city’s population; of which 0.8% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.4% of the city’s population; of which 1.3% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 5.0% of Bloomington’s population.
As of the census of 2010, there were 82,893 people, 35,905 households, and 21,618 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,390.2 inhabitants per square mile (922.9/km). There were 37,641 housing units at an average density of 1,085.4 per square mile (419.1/km). The racial makeup of the city was 79.7% White, 7.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.
There were 35,905 households of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.8% were non-families. Of all households 32.2% were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.89.
The median age in the city was 42.7 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 18.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.